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Police were called and arrested them.

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They were charged with a drugs offence and affray. Then on Saturday, February 26, 20 people were involved in a fight inside The Alexandra. There were six arrests. Police want to identify three more people. Door supervisors would have stopped it descending into something like from the Wild West and stopped someone needing 26 stitches. The reason is the recent violent incidents that have occurred on the premises.

By David Powell. The Alexandra Hotel, Llandudno Get the biggest daily stories by email Subscribe We will use your email address only for the purpose of sending you newsletters. Please see our Privacy Notice for details of your data protection rights. Thank you for subscribing See our privacy notice. Celtic Folklore: Welsh and Manx. New York: Gordon Press , Varner families and whole communities to prevent illness, weaken evil spirits, and repel evil deeds.

These nail figures were used to identify and hunt down unknown wrongdoers such as thieves, and people who were believed to cause sickness through witchcraft. They were also used to punish people who swore false oaths and villages which broke treaties. Hostile to outsiders, the figure was imbued with magical powers by the shaman who placed special herbs and medicines in the chest cavity. Nails were usually personalized in some way before they were driven in - for example, by being kissed or licked or having hair or other distinctive materials tied to them.

Should the user break the oath, the spirit in the image would know from the saliva or other bodily traces on the nail whom to annihilate or punish.


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The many nails covering the torso of this figure attest to the large number of individuals who sought its powers. In tribal society, amulets and charms are very important and worn by anyone concerned with safety and survival. Many times these amulets turn up in relatively unexpected places. Many of these weapons have carvings of symbols made into the blade or handles that have supernatural meaning. The photograph below shows one such example from the Sudan. This double bladed weapon is a ritual knife still reportedly used in Syria in the 20th century.

Because the markings represent significant material objects this particular dagger may have been a status symbol as well. The owner most likely was an important man in the tribal structure. Varner Sudanese dagger.

Other symbols incorporated into weapons include those in the Ngbondi spear from the Congo. This example is probably well over years in age. According to researchers, the Ngbondi spear was also used as a way to purchase items of need. Five such spears could buy a slave while it took 50 to purchase a wife. Varner Ngbondi spear shaft. Engraved blades are commonly found on ethnic weapons such as the Sudanese knife shown on the following page.

The blade has been etched in colored designs of an apparent solar representation. The true meanings are, again, unknown but probably served more than a pleasing artistic rendering of an abstract idea. Some have theorized that many of these designs have been taken from ancient rock art, which is then duplicated as adopted symbolism for animal brands and other purposes. Swords have been used as protective and healing instruments as well in some parts of the world. In China swords are hung above the bed to protect against evil.

War amulets such as these were made to protect the owner from being wounded or killed, to give him strength and courage and to invoke the gods in his favor. Sudanese dagger. The Indonesian kris is a magical implement itself and each blade is said to be inhabited by a spirit which often moves on its own volition. Kris blades are still commonly used and made in Malaysia and Indonesia. Each kris is considered a living thing with its own soul, capable of bringing either good or bad luck.

They were also thought to have the capability to act on their own, jumping out of their scabbards to engage a perceived enemy.

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The kris, originating in the 14th century, is always formed of three layers of steel or iron with thinner layers fitted between and then twisted or beaten into shape. Most often, the kris was decorated with engravings of demons or dragons. Varner The Indonesian kris. The kris was intended for three purposes: 1. A thrusting weapon 2.

A religious cult object, and 3. Some have been linked to a series of violent deaths, failed businesses and the ability to grant prophetic powers. Extreme care is warranted for those possessing the kris and unusual preservation measures have been taken by some to ensure that the knife remains docile and protected. Additional anecdotal information is that the kris will move on its own from place to place in the house—it is a truly living being to those familiar with the weapon.

Swords have been the subject of myth for centuries, mostly because of its manufacture. Iron especially is effective against evil spirits, demons, trolls, witches and fairies.

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Varner IV Animal Totems T otem animals are have been an important part of indigenous religions and traditions for thousands of years. Certain animals become linked to tribal groups and clans and are regarded as protectors, as divine mediators and as ancestors. In many cultures, illnesses are believed to be caused by an injury or insult to a totemic animal. Among the Balakai, in Western Equatorial Africa, abnormal births are believed to be caused when their women give birth to a totem animal or animals.

The Dinka people of the Upper Nile believe that twins are the result of a woman giving birth to a totem animal and to a human ancestor at the same time. Totem animals can be any form with cats, frogs and large and dangerous game animals being the most favored.

Perhaps the bear is the most ancient of the sacred animals. Cave paintings dating to 32,, BP91 in France and discovery of the intentional arrangement of bear skulls on rock altars, also in caves, indicates that the bear cult was active at least 32 millennia ago in Europe. The bear cult has continued as an important part of the indigenous Ainu culture in Japan. The bear in Ainu belief is the god of the mountain, a sacred messenger and culture hero. During one of the Ainu ceremonies, called the iyomante, a bear is ritually slain so that its soul is sent back to the land of the gods.

The Ainu have a similar story. During the Big House ceremony, which is held at Hagersville, Ontario on the first full moon in January, a hibernating bear is driven from its den, brought to the Big House and killed with a blow to the head. The bear is associated with resurrection due to its hibernating ability , and thus with rebirth and renewal. It also is known for its supernatural powers, strength, bravery and stamina.

It was sacred to Artemis and Diana—both goddesses of nature. The Golden Bough: A study in magic and religion. Hertfordshire: Wordsworth Editions , Pre-Columbian American Religions. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston , The Myth of the Goddess: Evolution of an Image. Like the dog in other cultures, the bear is believed by some Siberian people to oversee the journey of the soul to the underworld. The bear is a messenger of forest spirits in shamanism and this concept carried over to the Slavic traditions.

The Leshii, that Faery-like shape-changer who was master of the forest and protector of animals, used both the wolf and the bear as special servants. The bear would not only serve the Leshii but protect him.

Inuit and Lapp shamans will shape-shift into bear form for their spirit journeys. It gets after you when you say that. Rochester: Destiny Books , Chicago: The University of Chicago Press , Animal Symbolism in Ecclesiastical Architecture. London: W. Varner female. She also protected humans from the wrath of the bear! Bear amulets have been found in North Britain and other areas and have been found in burials.

A small child was found buried near Malton in Yorkshire with a tiny black bear-amulet showing perhaps the belief that the bear helped the soul on its way to the underworld. Aside from the Apache, the bear was an important spiritual totem to many Native American people.

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The bear is associated with sacred and powerful water sites and was regarded as a major deity and source of power. Bear doctors could shape-shift from human to bear by swimming in a special pool. Once in the water the doctor would emerge in a bear form and could only change back into his human form by submerging once again in the same pool. The bear has many of the characteristics of water. It is symbolic of rebirth and renewal; it is connected to the feminine life force and fertility.

The bear was thought to be the creator of geysers in California; the spirit of the bear was believed to heat the water for curative purposes, which were utilized extensively by the local tribes. He is very wise. To the Lakota, if a Andrews, Tamra. A Dictionary of Nature Myths. The Gods of the Celts.